Religious Harmony, Godly Nationalism, and the Limits of State-sponsored Interreligious Dialogue Agenda in Indonesia
Abstract: This paper discus the discourse of religious harmony in Indonesia by looking into the role played by PKUB/FKUB, a state-sponsored body focused on maintaining religious harmony, in the context of interreligious dialogue agenda in Indonesia. By looking into its trajectory and legal standing, this paper hypothesizes that there are some limits within the PKUB/FKUB in addressing the spirit and practice of interreligious dialogue to the Indonesian public due to the preference of religious harmony rather than interreligious dialogue. This paper then wants to explore the preference of religious harmony by employing Godly-Nationalism/Productive Intolerance concept. The data of this paper is collected by library research methodology. Finally, this paper suggests that despite the discourse of religious harmony requires the religious community to engage in the dialogue, there is a different direction and objective to which the dialogue would lead. While the dialogue in the context of religious harmony would be directed to maintaining harmony itself, the interreligious dialogue as suggested by several scholars requires religious people to learn from others to change and grow together.
Keywords: Interreligious Dialogue, Religious Harmony, PKUB, FKUB, Godly- Nationalism.
Joint Decree Number 8/9 Year 2006 on Implementation Guide for Local Government in Maintaining Religious Harmony, Empowerment FKUB and Building Worship Places.
Books and Journals
Achmad, Noor. “Inter-Religious Harmony: From History to Indonesia Today”, in Proceeding of the International Seminar and Conference: The Golden Triangle (Indonesia-India-Tiongkok) Interrelations in Religion, Science, Culture, and Economic. 2015
Ali-Fauzi, Ihsan. Menggapai Kerukunan Umat Beragama: Buku Saku FKUB, Jakarta: Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi (PUSAD), Yayasan Wakaf Paramadina, 2018.
Azhari, Subhi dan Gamal Ferdhi. Membatasi Para Pelanggar: Laporan Tahunan Kemerdekaan Beragama Berkeyakinan. Jakarta: The Wahid Foundation, 2018.
John Azumah,”Dialogue between Islam and Traditional African Religion,” in Catherina Cornille ed., The Willey-Blackwell Companion to Inter-Religious Dialogue. Oxford: John willey & Sons, 2013.
Bakti, Andi Faisal. “The Role of Communication in Addressing Comprehensive Security Issues in Human Factor Characteristics in Indonesia,” Journal Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, Vol. 1, No. 1 (2014), pp. 109-142.
Cornille, Catherine (Ed.). The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Inter-Religious Dialogue. Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2013.
Fahmi, Zulfikar. Efektivitas Resolusi Konflik Forum Kerukunan Umat Beragama (FKUB) DKI Jakarta dalam Menjaga Kerukunan Umat Beragama di Jakarta. Jakarta: Gaung Persada Press, 2019.
Fata, Ahmad Khoirul. Buya Hamka: Pemikiran & Perannya di Pentas Politik Nasional. Semarang: Rasail Media, 2020.
Fauzan, Pepen Irpan & Ahmad Khoirul Fata, “Positivisasi Syariah di Indonesia, Legalisasi atau Birokratisasi?,” Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol 15, No 3 (2018), pp. 592-615
Firdaus, M. Anang. “Eksistensi FKUB dalam Memelihara Kerukunan Umat Beragama di Indonesia”. Kontekstualita Vol. 29 No. 1 (2014), pp. 63-84.
Hasenclever, Andreas and Volker Rittberger. “Does Religion Make a Difference? Theoretical Approaches to the Impact of Faith on Political Conflict”, Millennium – Journal of International Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3 (200), pp. 641-674.
Hefner, Robert W. “The Study of Religious Freedom in Indonesia,” The Review of Faith and International Affairs, Vol. 11, No. 2 (2013), pp. 18-27.
Kadayifci-Orellana, S. Ayse. “Interreligious Dialogue and Peacebuilding” in Cornille, Catherine (Ed.). The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Inter-Religious Dialogue, Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2013.
Khotimah. “Religious Harmony and Government in Indonesia,” Jurnal Ushuluddin, Vol. 23, No. 1 (2015), pp. 96-107.
Kimball, Charles, When Religion Becomes Evil, HarperCollins e- books, 2002.
Kuntowijoyo. Dari Kerukunan Ke Kerjasama, Dari Toleransi Ke Koperasi, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1990.
Mantu, Rahman. “Lembaga Interfaith di Indonesia: Studi Kritis Pendekatan Formalistik Negara Terhadap Kerukunan Antarumat Beragama,” AQLAM: Journal of Islam and Plurality, Vol. 1, Nomor 1 (2016), pp. 53-64.
Marshall, Paul. “The Ambiguities of Religious Freedom in Indonesia,” The Review of Faith and International Affairs, Vol. 16, No. 1 (2018), pp. 85-96.
Menchik, Jeremy. Islam and Democracy in Indonesia: Tolerance without Liberalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
S. H. Nasr, Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization, San Francisco: Harper One, 2002.
Mujiburrahman. “State Policies on Religious Diversity in Indonesia”. Al-Jamiah, Vol. 46, No. 1 (2008), pp. 101-123.
Porters, Donald J. Managing Politic and Islam in Indonesia. London: Routledge Curzon, 2002.
Swidler, Leonard. Dialogue for Interreligious Understanding: Strategies for the Transformation of Culture-Shaping Institutions. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
Sofjan, Dicky and Syamsul Asri. “Bridging the Unbridgeable”; Dialectics of Religious Freedom and Harmony in Post-Reform Indonesia”. Unpublished paper. 2020
“Ada Anomali Penilaian Indeks Kerukunan Umat Beragama di Jakarta” https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/592136-ada-anomali-penilaian-indeks-kerukunan-umat-beragam-di-jakarta Retrivied 06 June 2020.
“Daftar Skor Indeks Kerukunan Beragama versi Kemenag 2019” https://tirto.id/daftar-skor-indeks-kerukunan-beragama-versi-kemenag-2019-engH Retrivied 06 June 2020.
Copyright (c) 2020 Imam Sopyan, Pepen Irpan Fauzan, Ahmad Khoirul Fata
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Peringatan hak cipta dapat di baca di sini