Kajian Fenomenologi terhadap Perubahan Budaya Akulturatif di Sumenep Madura

  • Shidqi Ahyani Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Keywords: phenomenology, acculturation, local traditions

Abstract

Abstract: The religious behavior of the Muslim community cannot be separated from local traditions that run in societies where social interaction. However, in its development, some local traditions are permanent and some have undergone several changes. This study intends to reveal the cultural changes in the acculturation of Islam and local culture in Sumenep Madura, with a sub focus that includes: the factors that underlie the change and the form of cultural change. This type of research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. Sources of data in this study consisted of religious figures, community leaders, and cultural figures in Sumenep district as the main sources. Data collection was carried out by means of in-depth interviews and participatory observation. The data analysis method used was the Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen phenomenology. The results showed that the factors underlying the occurrence of cultural changes in the acculturation of Islam and local culture were: contact with Islamic culture, a more advanced education system and a less than perfect process of traditional inheritance. The forms of cultural change are small changes and changes that are planned.

References

Abdullah, Irwan. Kontruksi dan Reproduksi Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2010.

Abdulgani, Roeslan. Sejarah Perkembangan Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Antar Kota, 1983.

Bouvier, Helen. Lebur: Seni Musik dan Pertunjukan dalam Masyarakat Madura, Rahayu S. Hidayat dan Jean Couteau, Penerjemah. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2002.

E. Koswara dkk. Metode dan Masalah Penelitian Sosial. Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2001.

Hadisutrisno, Budiono. Islam Kejawen. Yogyakarta: Eule Book, 2009.

Jonge, Huub de. Madura dalam Empat Zaman; Pedagang, Perkembangan Ekonomi dan Islam (Suatu Studi Antropologi Ekonomi). Jakarta: PT Gramedia kerjasama dengan KITLV, 1989.

Khadziq. Islam dan Budaya lokal: Belajar Memahami Relaitas Agama dalam Masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Teras, 2009.

Koentjaraningrat. Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta, 2009.

_____________. Pengantar Antropologi I. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2011.

_____________.Pengantar Antropologi II: Pokok-Pokok Etnografi.Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta, 2005.

Kuswarno, Engkus. Metodologi Penelitian Komunikasi Fenomenologi: Konsepsi, Pedoman, dan Contoh Penelitiannya. Bandung: Widya Padjadjaran, 2009.

Maryaeni. Metodologi Penelitian Budaya. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2008.

Mas’ud, Abdurrahman. Dari Haramain ke Nusantara: Jejak Intelektual Arsitek Pesantren. Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.

Moleong, Lexy J. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2002.

Nasution, Harun. Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya Jilid I. Jakarta: UI Press, 1985.

Nata, Abuddin. Metodologi Studi Islam, Cet-18. Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 2011.

Nottingham, Elizabeth K. Agama dan Masyarakat: Suatu Pengantar Sosiologi Agama, Cet-V. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 1994.

Nursyam. Islam Pesisir. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2005.

_______. Madzhab-Madzhab Antropologi. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2007.

Roibin. Relasi Agama dan Budaya Masyarakat Kontemporer. Malang: UIN Press, 2009.

Rahman, Fazlur. What is Islam Culture, dalam, Maryam Jameela dan Margaret Marcus, Islam dan Modernisme. Penerjemah. A. Jainuri dan A. Syafiq Mughni. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional, 1982.

Saebani, Beni Ahmad. Sosiologi Agama: Kajian Tentang Perilaku Institusional dalam Beragama Anggota Persis dan NU, Bandung: Rafika Aditama, 2007.

Singarimbun, Misri dan Sofyan Efendi. Metodologi Penelitian Survey. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1995.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada, 2005.

Suyanto, Bagong dan Sutinah. Metode Peneleitian Sosial: Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan. Jakarta: Kencana, 2005.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. Pergulatan Negara, Agama dan Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Desantara, 2001.

Zenrif, M. Fauzan. Realitas Keluarga Muslim: Antara Mitos dan Doktrin Agama. Malang: UIN Press, 2008.

How to Cite
Ahyani, S. (2021). Kajian Fenomenologi terhadap Perubahan Budaya Akulturatif di Sumenep Madura. Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman Dan Humaniora, 7(1), 44-78. Retrieved from http://islamikainside.iain-jember.ac.id/index.php/islamikainside/article/view/145
Section
Articles