Telaah Komparatif Metode Kritik Ḥadīth Sunnī ala Muḥammad al-Ghazālī dan Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī ala Shī‘ah

  • Busairi Busairi Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Muḥammad al-Ghazālī; Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī; the method of criticizing the ḥadīth.

Abstract

This article analyzes the method of criticizing the ḥadÄ«th offered by Muḥammad al-GhazÄlÄ« from SunnÄ« school and AbÅ« Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qÅ«b al-KulaynÄ« from Shi‘ite school. The focus of the problem in this study is the difference in the qualifications of hadiths between SunnÄ« and Shi‘ite schools which are the two largest Islamic schools which always have a theological and political contradiction between the two. From these two figures, it can be concluded that there is an equal method of criticism, which is located in the narrator must be á¸Äbit and thiqqah. Besides that there are also differences between al-GhazÄlÄ« that does not require the connection of narrators and emphasizes more on critical criticism. Whereas al-KulaynÄ« requires his sanad to be continued, where he equalizes the infallible priest with the Prophet. The criterion is more to the criticism of sanad. The same criteria in the criticism method can facilitate tracking of authentic ḥadÄ«th. Likewise with the different methods of criticism, many traditions are considered valid by the Sunnis but da‘īf according to the Shi‘a and vice versa.

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How to Cite
Busairi, B. (2017). Telaah Komparatif Metode Kritik Ḥadīth Sunnī ala Muḥammad al-Ghazālī dan Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī ala Shī‘ah. Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman Dan Humaniora, 3(2), 265-293. Retrieved from http://islamikainside.iain-jember.ac.id/index.php/islamikainside/article/view/62
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