Privasi dalam Dunia Digital (Analisis QS. An-Nur (24): 27 Menggunakan Pendekatan Ma’na-Cum-Maghza)

  • Khairul Fikri UIN Sunan Kalijaga
  • Umi Wasilatul Firdausiyah
Keywords: Privacy, Virtual World, Ma'na, Maghza

Abstract

Abstract: Problems that still often arise in social life today are ethical issues, especially in terms of maintaining privacy, both in the real world and in the virtual world (digital). Starting to lose awareness of asking for permission and waning understanding of the boundaries of privacy has the potential to cause various problems and even criminal acts in the future. So it is important to describe how the Qoran teaches adab isti'dzan (asking permission) to take moral values ​​and practice them in life. Through the ma'na-cum-maghza approach, this paper aims to analyze QS. An-Nur (24): 27 regarding how the Qoran talks about the ethics of asking for permission and its relation to maintaining privacy. This is done in order to prove that the Qoran is still shalih li kulli zaman wa makan (relevant for every time and place) and can be used as a reference in solving contemporary problems. The results of this study indicate that the Qoran through QS. An-Nur (24): 27 not only prohibits entering the house without the permission of the owner, but it can also be understood in the current context that it contains a prohibition not to disturb other people's personal data in the digital world so thatcyber crimecan be avoided.

References

Ahmad, Syukraini. “Urgensi Al-Wujûh Wa Al-Nazhâ ’ir Dalam Al-Quran.” MADANIA: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman 18, no. 1 (2014): 109–18. https://ejournal.iainbengkulu.ac.id/index.php/madania/article/vieww/10/9.

Al-Hajjaj, Muslim ibn. Shahih Muslim. Arab Saudi: Dar al-Salam, 2000.

Al-Suyuthi, Jalaluddin. Lubabun Nuqul Fi Asbabin Nuzul. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2013.

Al-T̗abari, Abu Ja’far Muĥammad ibn Jarir ibn Yazid Ibn Ghalib. Tafsir Al-Jami’ Al-Bayan An Ta’wil Al-Qur’an, Jilid 17. Beirut: Dar al Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1992.

Al-Tirmidzi, Muhammad ibn Isa. Sunan Al-Tirmidzi. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Ma’arif li al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzi’, n.d.

Al-Zamakhsyari, Mahmud ibn Umar. Al-Kasysysaf. Riyadh: Maktabah al-‘Ubaykan, 1998.

Amrullah, Abdul Malik Abdulkarim. Tafsir Al-Azhar, Jilid 7. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional PTE LTD, 2007.

Asyur, Muhammad Thahir ibn. Tafsir Al-Tahrir Wa Al-Tanwir. Tunisia: Dar al-Tunisiyyah li al-Nasyr, 1984.

“Canggihnya Teknologi, Sempitnya Ruang Privasi - Tirto.ID,” n.d.

Darmawan, Deni. “Perspektif Al-Quran Dalam Menjaga Harmonisasi Dan Toleransi Dari Berita Bohong (Hoax) Di Media Sosial.” In PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL LKK, Vol. 1, 2020.

Fandia, Mashita. “Mendefinisikan Privasi Di Ruang Media Sosial – Combine Resource Institution,” n.d.

Faris, Salman. “Metode Takwil Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid ( Studi Atas Potensi Tafsir Esoterik Dalam Merespon Problem Tafsir Era Modern ).” Kordinat: Jurnal Komunikasi Antar Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam 17, no. 1 (2018): 1–28. https://doi.org/10.15408/kordinat.v17i1.8104.

Feisal, Jusuf Amir. Reorientasi Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1995.

Firdausiyah, Umi Wasilatul. “Modernisasi Penafsiran Al-Quran Dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Buya Hamka.” Ulunnuha 10, no. 1 (2021): 65–77.

Halimatussa’diyah. Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Agama Islam Multikultural. Edited by Tika Lestari. Surabaya: CV. Jakad Media Publishing, 2020.

Hamka. Tafsir Al-Azhar. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional, 1990.

Haris, Iir Abdul, Budi Budiman, Ade Hidayat, and Ibnu Malik. “Struktur Ilmu Sosial Berbasis Wahyu: Melacak Akar Aksiomatik Ilmu Sosial Islam.” Digital Library UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, 2020.

Henson, Billy, Bradford W. Reyns, and Bonnie S. Fisher. “Security in the 21st Century: Examining the Link between Online Social Network Activity, Privacy, and Interpersonal Victimization.” Criminal Justice Review 36, no. 3 (September 2011): 253–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734016811399421.

Ignaz Goldziher. Mazhab Tafsir Dari Klasik Hingga Modern. Yogyakarta: KALIMEDIA, 2015.

James, Carrie. Young People, Ethics, and the New Digital Media : A Synthesis from the Goodplay Project. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009.

Katsir, Ismail ibn. Tafsir Al-Qur’an Al-’Azhim. Kairo: Mu’assasah Qurthubah, 2000.

Margulis, Stephen T. “Three Theories of Privacy: An Overview.” In Privacy Online: Perspective on Privacy and Self Disclosure in The Social Web, edited by Sabine Trepte and Leonard Reinecke. Berlin: Springer, 2011.

Nisa, Barokatun. “EPISTEMOLOGI TAFSIR AL-KABIR Karya Muqatil Bin Sulaiman.” Skripsi - UIN Sunan Kaligaja Yogyakarta, 2015.

Okditazeini, Vannyora. “Ancaman Privasi Dan Data Mining Di Era Digital: Analisis Meta-Sintesis Pada Social Networking Sites (Sns) Threat On Privacy And Data Mining In Digital Era: A Meta-Synthesis Analysis On Social Networking Sites (Sns).” Jurnal Studi Komunikasi Dan Media, 2018, e-ISSN : 2407-6015.

Okditazeini, Vannyora, and Irwansyah. “Ancaman Privasi Dan Data Mining Di Era Digital: Analisis Meta-Sintesis Pada Social Networking Sites ( Sns ).” Jurnal Studi Komunikasi Dan Media 22, no. 2 (2018): 109–22.

Parninsih, Iin, and Muhammad Alwi HS. “Pendekatan Ma‘Na-Cum-Magza Atas Kata Ahl (An-Nisa’ / 4: 58) Dan Relevansinya Dalam Konteks Penafsir Di Indonesia Kontemporer.” Suhuf 13, no. 1 (2020): 103–22.

Pujianto, Agung, Awin Mulyati, and Rachmawati Novaria. “Pemanfaatan Big Data Dan Perlindungan Privasi Konsumen Di Era Ekonomi Digital.” Majalah Ilmiah BIJAK, 2018.

Rahadi, Dedi Rianto. “Perilaku Pengguna Dan Informasi Hoax Di Media Sosial.” Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan 5 (2017).

Rahmatullah, Tansah. “Kajian Mengenai Privasi Dalam Informasi Digital Dihubungkan Dengan Directive 95/46/EC Dan Directive 2002/58/EC of The European Parliament and of The Council.” Jurnal Hukum Media Justitia Nusantara 7, no. 1 (2017): 58–72.

Shalih, Subhi. Membahas Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Qur’an. Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 2011.

Shihab, M Quraish. Al-Maidah 51: Satu Firman Beragam Penafsiran. Lentera Hati Group, 2019.

Soediro, Soediro. “Prinsip Keamanan, Privasi, Dan Etika Dalam Undang-Undang Informasi Dan Transaksi Elektronik Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Kosmik Hukum 18, no. 2 (2018): 95–112.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif Dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2016.

Sulaiman, Muqatil bin. Tafsir Muqatil Ibn Sulaiman. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Tarikh al-’Arabiy, 2002.

Syamsuddin, Sahiron. “Ma‘Na-Cum-Maghza Approach To The Qur’an: Interpretation Of Q. 5:51.” In International Conference on Qur’an and Hadith Studies (ICQHS 2017), 137:131–36. Atlantis Press, 2018. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

———. “Metode Penafsiran Dengan Pendekatan Ma’na Cum Maghza.” In Pendekatan Ma’na Cum Maghza Atas Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis: Menjawab Problematika Sosial Keagamaan Di Era Kontemporer, edited by Sahiron Syamsuddin, 8–9. Yogyakarta: Ladang Kata dan AIAT se-Indonesia, 2020.

———. Pendekatan Ma‘Nā-Cum-Maghzā Atas Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis: Menjawab Problematika Sosial Keagamaan Di Era Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Lembaga Ladang Kata, 2020.

Triastuti, Endah, Dimas Adrianto, and Akmal Nurul. Kajian Dampak Penggunaan Media Sosial Bagi Anak Dan Remaja. Depok: Puskakom, 2017.

Yunus, Mahmud. Kamus Arab-Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Mahmud Yunus Wa Dzurriyyah, 2007.

How to Cite
Fikri, K., & Firdausiyah, U. (2021). Privasi dalam Dunia Digital (Analisis QS. An-Nur (24): 27 Menggunakan Pendekatan Ma’na-Cum-Maghza). Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman Dan Humaniora, 7(2), 198-222. https://doi.org/10.35719/islamikainside.v7i2.135
Section
Articles