Kontestasi Dan Resepsi Akademis Atas Fatwa Mui Tentang Covid-19: Tinjauan Bibliografis Atas Monografi Tahun 2020-2021

  • Ahmad Fawaid Universitas Nurul Jadid, Probolinggo
Keywords: Academic Contest, Covid-19 Fatwa, Bibliographical

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to observe the contestation and academic reception of fatwas issued by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) regarding Covid-19. These fatwas invite many responses in academic circles written in reputable journal articles. With a qualitative research paradigm and using Hans Robert Jauss text reception theory, this research concludes that; this study found four typologies of the MUI Fatwa monograph on Covid-19 during 2020-2021; namely (1) Monograph Typology, which discusses the Role of Fatwa (6 titles); (2) Discussing aspects of contact with other scientific disciplines, such as Maqāṣid,; (3) Unraveling the 'tangled thread' conflicting interpretations of the fatwa; (4) an article that measures the level of obedience of the Indonesian Muslim community to the MUI fatwa. Of the existing articles, 13 were built with justification based on the text, 5 articles were built with apologetic reasoning, and 3 used critical reasoning. From this conclusion, this study confirms that the academic response to the MUI Fatwa on Covid-19 also experienced Fragmentation, Resistance, and Appreciation.

References

“(1) Ustadz Abdul Somad Virus Corona Adalah Tentara Allah - YouTube.” Accessed July 16, 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6cixYXh4RM&ab_channel=GMGCrew.

(LIPI Press). Pedoman Penerbitan Buku LIPI Press. Jakarta: LIPI Press, 2020. https://e-service.lipipress.lipi.go.id/press/catalog/book/52.

Abdullah, Imran T. “Resepsi Sastra: Teori Dan Penerapannya.” Jurnal Humaniora 0, no. 2 (1991): 71–76. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.2094.

Agustina, Arifah Miliati. “Nalar Fikih Sufistik Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) Dalam Merespons Pandemi Covid-19.” Dinika Academic Journal of Islamic Studies 2, no. 4 (2020): 243–61.

Aji, Ahmad Mukri, and Diana Mutia Habibaty. “Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Tentang Penyelenggaraan Ibadah Dalam Situasi Terjadi Wabah Covid-19 Sebagai Langkah Antisipatif Dan Proaktif Persebaran Virus Corona Di Indonesia.” SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I 7, no. 8 (2020): 673–86. https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i8.17059.

Ayyub Subandi, and Saifullah bin Anshor. “Fatwa MUI Tentang Pengurusan Jenazah Muslim Yang Terinfeksi Covid-19 Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Mazhab Syafi’i.” BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam 1, no. 2 (2020): 235–50. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v1i2.149.

Chaq, Moh. Dliya’ul. “Peran Fatwa MUI Dalam Penanggulangan Wabah Covid-19 Dan Dakpaknya (Studi Fatwa MUI Nomor 23 Tahun 2020).” Tafaqquh: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Kajian Keislaman 8, no. 130–142 (2020): 283.

Et al., Rosidin. “Determining of Mosque Worshipers Caring to Ward Fatwa of MUI in Preventing Covid-19 in Boja, Kendal District.” Psychology and Education Journal 58, no. 1 (2021): 5285–5395. https://doi.org/10.17762/pae.v58i1.1784.

Fathurahman, Oman. “Corona Dan Narasi Agama.” Accessed July 17, 2021. https://kemenag.go.id/read/corona-dan-narasi-agama-v5ozp.

Fawaid, Ahmad. “Kritik Atas Kritik Epistemologi Tafsir M. Abied Al-Jabiri: Studi Kritis Atas Madkhal Ila Al-Qur’an Al-Karim.” ULUL ALBAB Jurnal Studi Islam, 2015. https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v16i2.3185.

Firmansyah, M Julnis. “73 Jamaah Tabligh Masjid Kebon Jeruk Positif Corona.” TEMPO.CO, 2020. https://metro.tempo.co/read/1329053/73-jamaah-tabligh-masjid-kebon-jeruk-positif-corona/full&view=ok.

Gaffar, Abdul, M Ali, and Ilyas Supena. “Konstruksi Epistemologi Fikih Pandemik : Analisis Fatwa-Fatwa MUI,” 2021, 121–36.

Hanafi, Yusuf, Ahmad Taufiq, Muhamad Saefi, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Tsania Nur Diyana, Andy Hadiyanto, Yedi Purwanto, and Ahmad Imam Mawardi. “Indonesian Ulema Council Fatwa On Religious Practices During Covid-19 Pandemic: An Investigation Of Muslim Compliance,” 2020, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-33784/v1.

Hilmy, Masdar, and Khoirun Niam. “Disputes Over the Covid-19 Pandemic Plague.” Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies (QIJIS) 8, no. 2 (2020): 293–326. https://doi.org/DOI : 10.21043/qijis.v8i2.7670.

“Indonesia Terhindar Virus Corona, Ma’ruf Amin: Berkah Doa Qunut - Bisnis Tempo.Co.” Accessed July 18, 2021. https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1312785/indonesia-terhindar-virus-corona-maruf-amin-berkah-doa-qunut.

Jauhari, M Sofwan, and Abdul Ghoni. “The Level of People’s Obedience to MUI Fatwas (COVID-19, Bank Interest, and Interfaith Marriage).” AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 20, no. 2 (2020): 233–56. https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v20i2.18685.

Junaedi, J, M Aliyudin, D Sutisna, and ... “Konflik Interpretasi Fatwa MUI Dalam Pelaksanaan Ibadah Selama Pandemi Covid-19.” Digital Library UIN Sunan …, 2020, 175–89. http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/id/eprint/30699.

Majelis Ulama Indonesia. “FATWA MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA Nomor: 23 Tahun 2020 Tentang PEMANFAATAN HARTA ZAKAT, INFAK, DAN SHADAQAH UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN WABAH COVID-19 DAN DAMPAKNYA,” 2020, 1–9. https://mui.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Fatawa-MUI-Nomor-23-Tahun-2020-tentang-Pemanfaatan-Harta-ZIS-untuk-Penanggulangan-Wabah-Covid-19-dan-Dampaknya.pdf.

Mohammad Zaki Arrobi, Amsa Nadzifah. “Otoritas Agama Di Era Korona: Dari Fragmentasi Ke Konvergensi?” MAARIF: Arus Pemikiran Islan Dan Sosial 15, no. 1 (2020): 197–215. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47651/mrf.v15i1.85.

Muhyiddin, M., & Nugroho, H. “A Year of Covid-19: A Long Road to Recovery and Acceleration of Indonesia’s Developmen.” Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning 5(1), no. 1 (2021): 1–19. https://doi.org/10.36574/jpp.v5i1.

MUI. “Fatwa-MUI-No-14-Tahun-2021-Tentang-Hukum-Penggunaan-Vaksin-Covid-19-Produk-AstraZeneca-Compressed.Pdf,” 2021.

———. “FATWA MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA Nomor : 02 Tahun 2021 Tentang PRODUK VAKSIN COVID-19 DARI SINOVAC LIFE SCIENCES CO. LTD. CHINA DAN PT. BIO FARMA (Persero)” 4 (2021): 1–8.

———. “Penyelenggaran Ibadah Dalam Situasi Terjadi Wabah Covid-19.” Mui 14 (2020): 1–10. https://mui.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Fatwa-tentang-Penyelanggaran-Ibadah-Dalam-siatuasi-Wabah-COVID-19.pdf.

Mukhamad Agus Zuhurul Fuqohak, and Muh Amiruddin. “SOCIO-GENETIC MOTIVES OF MUI’S FATWA REGARDING COVID-19 BASED ON QURAN-HADITH MOTIF SOSIO-GENETIS MUI TERKAIT DENGAN COVID-19 BERDASARKAN AL-QUR’AN DAN HADIS.” Jurnal Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis 22, no. 01 (n.d.): 19. https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2021.2201-02.

Mushodiq, Muhamad Agus. “Jalb Masalih Izzuddin Dan Relevansinya Dengan Fatwa NU Terkait Shalat Jumat Masa Pandemi Covid-19.” Al-Istinbath: Jurnal Hukum Islam 6, no. 1 (2021): 15–40. https://doi.org/http:dx.doi.org/10.29240/jhi.v6i1.2193.

Mushodiq, Muhamad Agus, and Ali Imron. “Peran Majelis Ulama Indonesia Dalam Mitigasi Pandemi Covid-19 (Tinjauan Tindakan Sosial Dan Dominasi Kekuasaan Max Weber).” SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I 7, no. 5 (2020). https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i5.15315.

Nurhayati;, and Muhammad Syukri Albani. “Maqāsīd Al - Sharīa in the Fatwa of the Indonesian Ulama Council Regarding Congregational Worship During the COVID-19 Pandemic.” Asy-Syir’ah 54, no. 2 (2020): 251. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.14421/asy-syir’ah.2020.54.2.251-275.

Nurul Aula, Siti Khodijah. “Peran Tokoh Agama Dalam Memutus Rantai Pandemi Covid-19 Di Media Online Indonesia.” Living Islam: Journal of Islamic Discourses 3, no. 1 (2020): 125. https://doi.org/10.14421/lijid.v3i1.2224.

Pabbajah, Mustaqim, Nurhidayat Muhammad Said, Faisal, M. Taufiq Hidayat Pabbajah, Hasse Jubba, and Juhansar. “Deauthorization of the Religious Leader Role in Countering Covid- 19: Perceptions and Responses of Muslim Societies on the Ulama’s Policies in Indonesia.” International Journal of Criminology and Sociology 9 (2020): 262–73. https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2020.09.25.

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 2020 tentang Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar Dalam Rangka Percepatan Penanganan Coronavirus Disease 2019/COVID-19, 2019 § (2020).

Sholeh, M. Asrorun Ni’am. “Towards a Progressive Fatwa: MUI’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.” AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 20, no. 2 (2020): 281–98. https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v20i2.17391.

Sodiqin, Ali. “Science-Based Ijtihad : Religious and Scientific Dialectic on Fatwas Regarding Congregational Worships amid the Covid-19 Pandemic” 21, no. 1 (2021): 79–97. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v21i1.79-97.

Sukamto, Amos, and S. Panca Parulian. “Religious Community Responses to the Public Policy of the Indonesian Government Related to the Covid-19 Pandemic.” Journal of Law, Religion and State 8, no. 2–3 (2021): 273–83. https://doi.org/10.1163/22124810-2020006.

How to Cite
Fawaid, A. (2022). Kontestasi Dan Resepsi Akademis Atas Fatwa Mui Tentang Covid-19: Tinjauan Bibliografis Atas Monografi Tahun 2020-2021. Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman Dan Humaniora, 7(2), 281-301. https://doi.org/10.35719/islamikainside.v7i2.163
Section
Articles